Costa Rica

Name: Republic of Costa Rica. 

Location: Central America, bordering Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the south, the Caribbean Sea to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. 

Capital: San José Area: 51,100 km sq (about the size of the U.S. state of West Virginia) 

Population: 4.4 million (2007 estimation) 

Infant mortality rate: 10.8 per 1,000 live births 

Life expectancy: 76.56 years male, 81.56 years female 

Total fertility rate: 2.24 children per woman (2006 estimate) 

Ethnic divisions:white (including mestizo) 94%, Black 3%, Indian 1%, Chinese 1%, other 1%. 

Religions: Roman Catholic (official state religion) 76.3%. Evangelical 13.7%, Jehovah's witnesses 1.3%, Protestant 0.7%, other 4.8% and none 3.2%. 

Language: Spanish (official), English spoken in some parts of the country. 

Climate: Tropical and subtropical. Two seasons; dry season (late November to April), rainy season (May to early November). Cooler climates in highlands could be find. 

Literacy Rate: 96% (2003 estimate) 

Highest Point: Cerro Chirripó 3.810 m 

Administrative division: Seven provinces Alajuela, Cartago, Guanacaste, Heredia, Limón, Puntarenas, San Jose 

Legal system: based on Spanish civil law system, judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court.

Direct election: multi-party democratic republic where the four largest political parties are National Liberation Party (PLN), Citizen Action Party (PAC), Libertarian Movement (ML) and Christian Unity Party (PUSC). Elections held every four years. 

Education: Free and compulsory through the end of the 9th year. 

Principal industries: Tourism, microprocessors, food processing, textiles and clothing, construction materials, plastic products, coffee, bananas, Call Centers (HP, Intel) for Ships.


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